Sunday, January 29, 2012

Phillip II in The Sea Hawk (1940)


The Sea Hawk is a 1940 film directed by Michael Curtiz.  It was the tenth collaboration between Curtiz and Errol Flynn.  Though the principal royal presence in the film is Flora Robson as Elizabeth I, Phillip the II of Spain is always sort of looming in the background.  He is played by Montagu Love, who also co-starred with Flynn in the 1938 Curtiz film The Adventures of Robin Hood.


The film opens with Phillip II discussing his plans for world domination with his advisors.  The film takes place in the year before the Spanish Armada's attack on England.  Phillip is constructing the most powerful fleet in the world and though he makes overtures of friendship towards England, he secretly plans to take the island as part of the Spanish Empire.


Phillip II was the son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles the V and so of the House of Habsburg.  Phillip commissioned many portraits of himself during his reign so we have a very strong idea of his appearance. The filmmakers seem to have done a great job in casting Love in the role.  The resemblance is clear from this 1565 portrait by Sofonisba Anguissola.


Montagu Love was born in 1880 and began his career as a field artist and cartoonist for newspapers.  His battlefield drawings from the Boer War gained him much popularity but instead of continuing as an artist he decided to become an actor.  He re-located to the US in 1918 and made several appearances on Broadway before beginning a successful acting career in silent films.  He starred in nearly 100 silent films and was often a favourite villain.



Phillip II was not the first royal that Love played.  Perhaps his most famous monarch was Henry VIII in 1937's The Prince and the Pauper (again alongside Errol Flynn).  Love died at the age of 63 in 1943 leaving behind a very impressive body of work.

Sunday, January 15, 2012

Elizabeth I in The Sea Hawk (1940)

The Sea Hawk is a wonderful Michael Curtiz film from 1940.  It stars Errol Flynn as Captain Geoffrey Thorpe and Flora Robson as Queen Elizabeth I.  This was the tenth collaboration between Curtiz and Flynn who seemed to be box office magic for Warner Bros.  The Sea Hawk is a 1915 novel by Rafael Sabatini.  It had previously been adapted for a silent film in 1924.  While Curtiz's film was originally to have been faithful to the novel, the story was eventually completely changed.  It became a film inspired by the life of Sir Francis Drake.


The story takes place in the year or so leading up to the attack of the Spanish Armada in 1588.  This would place Elizabeth I in her mid 50s but Robson was only 38 years old.  The difference is only one of many historical inaccuracies that do not affect the overall quality of the film.


This is actually the second time Robson played Elizabeth.  She first played the role in Fire Over England (1937) to great acclaim.  In 1934, Robson had played another monarch, Empress Elisabeth in The Rise of Catherine the Great.


Robson began her acting career in the theatre.  She played roles like Lady Macbeth both at the Old Vic and on Broadway.  In 1960, Robson was created Dame of the Order of the British Empire for her contributions and services to drama.


While there is sometimes a tendency for actors to play monarchs very stiffly and emotionless, Robson brings life to Elizabeth I by allowing her a sense of humour. She reassures us that Elizabeth is a human and a woman.  She uses sarcasm and flirts with Thorpe but never lets us forget that she is the ruler of England and is not to be questioned.


Not only is her character a commander but Robson manages to take command over the entire film.  As wonderful as Flynn is, Robson steals every scene she is in.  She is quite captivating--not unlike how Elizabeth I is said to have been.


Robson is presented in fabulous Elizabethan gowns and jewellery designed by Orry-Kelly.  Kelly designed the wardrobe for over 290 films from 1932 through 1963.


At the end of the film, Elizabeth gives a rousing speech to prepare her country for an attack by the Spanish Armada.  She tells her countrymen that the world cannot belong to any one man and that it is the duty of all free men to defend liberty.  This is no doubt meant to have a double meaning as England was already struggling through WWI at the time and the Allies were fighting for liberty from one man: Hitler.


Dame Flora Robson had a long and varied career that only ended with her premature death from cancer in 1984.  I cannot help but notice that she shares a strong resemblance with Helen Mirren (who would play Elizabeth I some 65 years later in an HBO mini series).